## Problem description

We consider one dimensional heat transport in stationary flow in a porous medium. This benchmark was first introduced as an exercise of Geoenergy Modeling I – Geothermal Processes in Fractured Porous Media for OGS 5.

## Numerical setting

The size of the domain is 1 m in the horizontal direction. The material properties of fluid are:

Property Value Unit
Density 1000 kg/m^3
Viscosity 1.e-3 Pa⋅s
Specific heat capacity 4182 J/K/kg
Thermal conductivity 0.6 W/(m⋅K)

The material properties of porous medium are:

Property Value Unit
Density 2850 kg/m^3
Specific heat capacity 0 J/K/kg
Thermal conductivity 0 W/(m⋅K)

The intrinsic permeability is 1.e-11 m^2. Since the flow equation is steady state, the porosity $n$ is not applied in that equation. We set $n=1$ in order to use the specific heat capacity and the thermal conductivity of fluid as the effective ones.

The initial boundary conditions are T(0)=0 °C and p(0)=1.e+5 Pa.

At the left boundary, a constant temperature of T=1 °C and a constant pressure of p=1.01e+5 Pa are prescribed. At the right boundary condition, there is no heat flux and the pressure is set as the initial one. The pressure boundary conditions lead to a stationary flow with a velocity of 1.e-5 m/s.

The time duration is 5.e+4 s. A fixed time step size of 250 s is used for the temporal discretization.

This example is also set as one of the benchmarks of ThermoHydroMechanics (THM) and ThermoRichardsMechanics (TRM), respectively. In order to provide a reference result for the same benchmark of THM and TRM, a 2D domain of 1 m $\times$ 0.1 m is used, which is discretised into 3$\times$39 quadrilateral elements.

## Result

The temperature distribution at t= 5.e+4 s together with the mesh is illustrated in the following figure:

The temperature profile at t= 5.e+4 s along a horizontal line in the 2D domain is given in the following figure:

This article was written by Wenqing Wang. If you are missing something or you find an error please let us know.
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